Introduction to Microeconomics Cost Formulas

Let’s carry on from our introduction into microeconomics with a focus now on how firm’s costs vary with output in the short run (6months to 2 years). Let’s Make an Important Assumption: Prices of inputs are assumed given (ie., firms can’t...

Microeconmics: The Monopoly

Let’s start our introduction to monopolies by offering a definition: An industry comprising of only one firm. Examples include utility companies (gas, electric, water), rail, and cable companies. Reasons for monopoly: (1) No close substitutes – If...

Microeconomics Cost Formulas

Here is a list of some of basic microeconomics formulas pertaining to revenues and costs of a firm. Remember when you’re using these formulas there are a variety of assumptions, namely, that the the firm is profit-maximizing (making as much money as they can.)...

Corner Solution – Perfect Substitutes: Demand Theory

Continuing on with demand theory. Previously we discussed the Cobb Douglas function, now we move into perfect substitutes and the corner solution. Here are some factors to keep in mind. 1. Indifference curves must interest one of the axis (not necessity or essential...

Personal Budget Basics for Beginners

DON’T say the B-word. What caused this stigma I have no idea, but one thing is for certain, people who don’t know how to handle their money in the most basic ways know one thing for sure, don’t tell me to ‘budget’. The fact of the matter is...

Treasury Bills (T-Bills) and Interest Rates Summary

Here is some brief notes on the function and descriptions of these financial instruments. Treasury Bills (T-Bills) Government of Canada issues T-Bills in certain lengths: 98,182, 364 days – issued in denominations of $1000.00 – bought at a discount –...

You Don’t Need to be Rich to Invest

Some say, “all but the most sophisticated people will spend a life time paying off their debt.” Is that true? If so why? Is debt a fact of financial life? Can only the rich afford to invest? The word ‘sophisticated’ does NOT mean rich or well...

Financial Statements – Terms and Explanations

Definitions on Income Statements Here is a brief synopsis of key financial terms for introductory finance majors and business folks regarding income statements and balance sheets. Firstly, defining some terms: Income Statement : A statement measuring a firm’s...