The Impact on the Economy: Oil Prices Dip Below $50 a Barrel

It seems like a bygone era when fuel prices were this low. Oil dipped below $50/barrel for the first time in 10 years. Prices at the pump are the lowest in a decade which makes commuters and truckers thrilled, but what about the economy as a whole, and what can we...

Merry Christmas From DiscussEconomics

From everyone here at DiscussEconomics we want to wish you a great Christmas. Hopefully your bills won’t get the better of you this season, but hey, if people didn’t spend we’d have nothing to talk about! If you don’t do the Xmas thing then...

Introduction to Microeconomics Cost Formulas

Let’s carry on from our introduction into microeconomics with a focus now on how firm’s costs vary with output in the short run (6months to 2 years). Let’s Make an Important Assumption: Prices of inputs are assumed given (ie., firms can’t...

Microeconmics: The Monopoly

Let’s start our introduction to monopolies by offering a definition: An industry comprising of only one firm. Examples include utility companies (gas, electric, water), rail, and cable companies. Reasons for monopoly: (1) No close substitutes – If...

Microeconomics Cost Formulas

Here is a list of some of basic microeconomics formulas pertaining to revenues and costs of a firm. Remember when you’re using these formulas there are a variety of assumptions, namely, that the the firm is profit-maximizing (making as much money as they can.)...

Corner Solution – Perfect Substitutes: Demand Theory

Continuing on with demand theory. Previously we discussed the Cobb Douglas function, now we move into perfect substitutes and the corner solution. Here are some factors to keep in mind. 1. Indifference curves must interest one of the axis (not necessity or essential...

Personal Budget Basics for Beginners

DON’T say the B-word. What caused this stigma I have no idea, but one thing is for certain, people who don’t know how to handle their money in the most basic ways know one thing for sure, don’t tell me to ‘budget’. The fact of the matter is...

Treasury Bills (T-Bills) and Interest Rates Summary

Here is some brief notes on the function and descriptions of these financial instruments. Treasury Bills (T-Bills) Government of Canada issues T-Bills in certain lengths: 98,182, 364 days – issued in denominations of $1000.00 – bought at a discount –...

Financial Statements – Terms and Explanations

Definitions on Income Statements Here is a brief synopsis of key financial terms for introductory finance majors and business folks regarding income statements and balance sheets. Firstly, defining some terms: Income Statement : A statement measuring a firm’s...